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 Students majoring in Classical and Mediterranean Studies must take ten courses, including one foundation course (CLAS 1010). The major is arranged into three tracks; students must formally declare track 1-3 at the time the major is declared.  A score of 4 or 5 on the AP Latin exam earns three hours of credit for Latin 2202, which may be applied toward any of the major tracks. Any course for which a student has earned credit will count for one and only one of the requirements or subrequirements for any of the major tracks or minors.  

Track 1: Classical and Near Eastern Languages and Cultures

30-34 total credit hours including:

1. One foundation course: CLAS 1010 (3 credit hours);

2. Language/Literature: Five courses from Course List A (15 credit hours, or 19 credit hours if including ARA 1101-1102);

3. Culture: Four courses from Course Lists B-D numbered 2060 or above (12 credit hours).

Latin courses at the 1000-level do not count toward this major track. Students who fulfill their language/literature requirement (no. 2 above) by completing courses in one language must, in consultation with the director of undergraduate studies, earn credit for at least one course in a different cultural tradition (e.g., Greek, Roman, Jewish, Christian, Islamic) or period (e.g., ancient, medieval).

Track 2: Mediterranean Archaeology

30-34 total credit hours including:

1. Two foundation courses: CLAS 1010 and 1020 (6 credit hours);

2. Language/Literature: Two courses from Course List A (6 credit hours, or 10 if including ARA 1101-1102);

3. Method and Theory: One course from Course List E (3 credit hours);

4. Three courses in the history and in the art, architecture, and archaeology of the ancient to medieval Mediterranean world, including one from Course List B, one from Course List C, and one from Course List B or C (9 credit hours);

5. Electives: Two courses from Course Lists A-E or from the following (6 credit hours): ANTHROPOLOGY ANTH 1101, Introduction to Anthropology; 1201, Introduction to Archaeology; 1301, Introduction to Biological Anthropology; 1601, Introduction to Language and Culture; 2211, Archaeology; 2220, Human Landscapes; 2227, Food in the Ancient World; 2370, Death and the Body; 3160, Anthropologies and Archaeologies of Community; 3161, Colonial Encounter in the Americas; 3200, Ancient Cities; 3202, The Collapse of Civilizations.

With the permission of the director of undergraduate studies, students may fulfill the method and theory requirement (3) by completing a program of practical archaeology (e.g. CLAS 3710, 3720, ANTH 3866, participation in an excavation or field survey, an internship in conservation or curation). No more than 15 credit hours of courses numbered below 2050 may count toward this major track.

Track 3: Mediterranean Studies

30 total credit hours including:

1. One foundation course: CLAS 1010 (3 credit hours);

2. Historical basis: Four courses from Course Lists A-D (12 credit hours);

3. Comparative perspectives: Five courses from Course Lists A-F (15 credit hours).

Students may apply up to three semesters of one Mediterranean language toward the historical basis requirement of this major track, including either an ancient to medieval language in Course List A or Catalan, French, Italian, Portuguese, or Spanish. French, Italian, Latin, and Spanish courses at the 1000-level do not count toward the major. No more than 12 credit hours of courses numbered below 2050 may count toward this major track.

Honors Program

The Honors Program in Classical and Mediterranean Studies offers students a more intensive concentration in their main field. 

Candidates should signal their interest to the director of undergraduate studies by the beginning of the second semester of the junior year.

Admission requirements are:

  1. A cumulative GPA of 3.3, and a GPA of 3.5 in courses that count toward the major.

  2. Approval by the faculty of a 2–3 page thesis proposal, due by the middle of the second semester of the junior year.

In addition to maintaining the stated GPA throughout the senior year, Honors students must complete CLAS 4998 and 4999 for 6 credit hours in addition to the 30-34 credit hours required by the major, culminating in a written thesis that is defended orally. A committee of three faculty members (two of whom must hold sole or joint appointments in the Program in Classical and Mediterranean Studies) will evaluate the thesis.

Minor in Mediterranean Archaeology

Students are required to complete CLAS 1010, 1020, and 12 additional credit hours in courses that count toward Track 2 of the concentration, of which at least nine credit hours must be from courses numbered 2060 or above.

Minor in Mediterranean Studies

Students are required to complete CLAS 1010 and 15 additional credit hours in courses that count toward Track 3 of the concentration, of which at least nine credit hours must be from courses numbered 2060 or above.

Approved List of Courses


CLASSICAL HEBREW: 1101, Beginning Classical Hebrew I; 1102, Beginning Classical Hebrew II; 2200, Intermediate Classical Hebrew; 3010, Historical Hebrew Grammar; 3020, Classical Hebrew Poetry; 3030, West Semitic Inscriptions.

GREEK: 1101, Beginning Greek I; 1102, Beginning Greek II; 2201, Intermediate Greek I: Classical and Koiné Greek; 2202, Intermediate Greek II: Homer’s Iliad; 3010, The Greek Orators; 3020, The Greek Historians; 3040, Readings in Plato and Aristotle; 3100, The Greek Tragedians; 3110, Greek Lyric Poetry; 3200, Early Christian Writers; 3850, Independent Study; 3890, Special Topics in Greek Literature.

LATIN: 1101, Beginning Latin I; 1102, Beginning Latin II; 1103, Intensive Elementary Latin; 2201, Intermediate Latin I; 2202, Intermediate Latin II; 3010, The Writings of Caesar; 3020, Cicero and the Humanistic Tradition; 3030, Latin Letters; 3040, The Roman Historians; 3050, Suetonius; 3060, Tacitus; 3100, Roman Comedy; 3110, Catullus; 3120, Lucretius: De Rerum Natura; 3130, Vergil: The Aeneid; 3140, The Lyric Poetry of Horace; 3150, Latin Elegy; 3160, Ovid; 3170, Roman Satire; 3180, Neronian Writers; 3200, Early Christian Writers; 3850, Independent Study; 3890, Special Topics in Latin Literature.

ARABIC: ARA 1101, Elementary Arabic I; 1102, Elementary Arabic II; 2201, Intermediate Arabic I; 3301, Arabic of the Qur’an and Other Classical Texts; RLST 4593, Advanced Readings in Islamic Tradition.

UGARITIC: CHEB 2300, Ugaritic.

ARAMAIC AND CLASSICAL SYRIAC: ARAM 2400, Introduction to Classical Syriac; 2500, Egyptian Aramaic; CHEB 3030, West Semitic Inscriptions.

AKKADIAN: CLAS 3300, Elementary Akkadian I; 3301, Elementary Akkadian II.

OLD FRENCH: FREN 3224, Medieval French Literature.

MEDIEVAL TO RENAISSANCE ITALIAN: ITAL 3100, Literature from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance; 3240, Dante’s Divine Comedy; 3242, Dante in Historical Context; 3340, Famous Women by Boccaccio.

OLD SPANISH: SPAN 4400, Origins of Spanish Literature.



CLASSICAL AND MEDITERRANEAN STUDIES: 2100, History of the Ancient Near East; 2110, History of Greece to Alexander the Great; 2120, Greece and the Near East from Alexander to Constantine; 2150, History of the Roman Republic; 2160, History of the Roman Empire; 2180, The Mediterranean World from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages.

HISTORY: 1190, A History of Islam; 1350, Western Civilization to 1700; 1600, European Economic History 1000–1700; 2220, Medieval and Renaissance Italy, 1000–1700; 2230, Medieval Europe, 1000–1350.



CLASSICAL AND MEDITERRANEAN STUDIES: 1020, Introduction to Mediterranean Archaeology; 2200, Archaic and Classical Greek Art and Architecture, 1000 to 400 B.C.E.; 1200W, Classics and Contemporary Culture; 2210, Late Classical Greek and Hellenistic Art and Architecture; 2250, Roman Art and Architecture; 3200, The Greek City; 3210, The Archaeology of Greek Sanctuaries; 3220, The Trojan War in History, Art, and Literature; 3230, Alexander the Great.

HISTORY OF ART: 2180, Islamic Art and Architecture; 2210, Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt; 2220, Greek Art and Architecture; 2260, The Art of Pagans, Christians, and Jews; 2270, Early Christian and Byzantine Art; 2275, The Cross and the Crescent: Byzantine-Islamic Confluences in Art; 3224, Greek Sculpture; 3226, Greek Vases and Society; 3228W, Gender and Sexuality in Greek Art; 3240W, Ancient Landscapes; 3272, Portraits in Late Antiquity; 3274, Art and Empire from Constantine to Justinian.



CLASSICAL AND MEDITERRANEAN STUDIES: 1111, First-Year Writing Seminar; 1120, Greek Civilization; 1130, The Greek Myths; 1150, Roman Civilization; 3000, Classical Tradition in America; 3030, Death, Disease, and Health in the Ancient World; 3100, Women, Sexuality, and Family in Ancient Greece and Rome; 3110, Warfare in the Ancient Mediterranean; 3120, Humor, Ancient to Modern; 3150, Roman Law; 3160, Roman Law and Society; 3190, Augustan Rome; 3250W Jews and Greeks; 3310, Culture of the Ancient Near East; 3333, Pandemics and Society in Historical Perspective; 3350, History of Ancient and Medieval Christianity; 3360, Early Christian Poetry; 3370, History of Syriac Christianity; 3380, Desert Spirituality in Early Christianity; 3600, Seminar in Digital Humanities; 3700, Maymester in Greece: Uncovering Greek Religion; 3710, Maymester in Greece; 3720, Maymester in Rome; 3730, Maymester in Israel.

ENGLISH: 2318 or 2318W, World Literature, Classical.

HISTORY: 2150, Muhammad and Early Islam; 2160, Medicine in Islam; 2170, Islam and the Crusades; 2180, Islamic Narratives, Narratives of Islam; 2190, The Last Empire of Islam; 2237, Democracy and Dictatorship: Ancient Politics; 2238, Crime and Criminal Law in Western Antiquity; 2240, Sex Law; 3210, Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Medieval Spain.

HISTORY OF ART: 1100, History of Western Art I; 1101, History of Western Architecture I; 2285, Medieval Art; 2290, Gothic Paris; 2310, Italian Art to 1500; 2320, Italian Renaissance Workshop; 2325, Great Masters of the Italian Renaissance; 3252, Cities of the Roman East; 3320 or 3320W, Early Renaissance Florence; 3332, Raphael and the Renaissance; 3334 or 3334W, Michelangelo’s Life and Works.

ITALIAN: 3803, Maymester in Sicily.

JEWISH STUDIES: 1200, Classical Judaism: Jews in Antiquity; 1220, Jews in the Medieval World; 2150, Issues in Rabbinic Literature; 2620, Jews in Egypt; 2640, Jews and Greeks; 3892, Topics in Ancient and Medieval Jewish History.

PHILOSOPHY: 2100, Ancient Philosophy; 2101, Hellenistic and Late Ancient Philosophy; 2102, Medieval Philosophy; 3005, Jewish Philosophy; 3006, Islamic Philosophy.

POLITICAL SCIENCE: 2202, Ancient Political Thought.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES: 1500, Introduction to Islam; 3350, Christian-Jewish Relations in Medieval and Early Modern Europe; 4551, Mysticism in Islam.



ANTHROPOLOGY: 2603, Comparative Writing Systems; 3261, Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing; 3260, Ceramic Analysis in Archaeology; 3262, Ethics in Anthropology, Archaeology, and Development; 3344, Genetic Anthropology Lab Techniques; 3372, Human Osteology; 3866, Archaeological Excavation; 3901, Problems in Anthropological Theory; 4345, Human Evolutionary Genetics.

CLASSICAL AND MEDITERRANEAN STUDIES: 3600, Seminar in Digital Humanities.

EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES: 1030, Oceanography; 1510, The Dynamic Earth: Introduction to Geological Sciences; 2510, Earth Systems through Time.

HISTORY OF ART: 3810, Exhibiting Historical Art.



HISTORY: 1200, The Arab Spring; 3190, Religion, Culture, and Commerce: The World Perspective.

HISTORY OF ART: 2780, History of Western Urbanism; 2782, Storied Places: History of Landscape Design. 

JEWISH STUDIES: 2600, Muslims and Jews.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES: 4552, Islam in the Modern World.



For more information:
Daniel P. Solomon
Department of Classical Studies
Vanderbilt University
PMB 0092
230 Appleton Place
Nashville TN 37203-5721