Christopher Mapes is a doctoral candidate researching Modern European History. His dissertation examines Germans' relationship with slavery, both in Germany and abroad, from around 1750 until the final abolition of slavery in the New World. His dissertation hopes to answer the question of why Germans enslaved eleven million people during the Second World War, becoming the only Western nation to adopt slave labor after its broad condemnation. Christopher has been awarded a 2014-2015 Fulbright U.S. Student Award to continue his study at the Freie Universität Berlin with Prof. Dr. Sebastian Conrad. Christopher works with Dr. Celia Applegate and Dr. David Blackbourn, and his advisor is Dr. Helmut Walser-Smith.