About the Department
Courses offered in the Department of Communication Studies include surveys of the rhetorical tradition, studies of the history of oratory, analytical courses designed to improve students’ critical skills and appreciation of mediated communication, investigation of classical means of persuasion, argumentation and debate, coupled with their modern applications, and courses which seek to develop understanding of contemporary theories of communication.
The Vanderbilt Debate Program participates in national collegiate competition with consisten success. All Vanderbilt undergraduate students are eligible for membership on the squad.
Twice a year, students of public speaking classes compete for cash prizes in the Franklin K. Houston Speech Contest.
Graduates from this department follow a variety of careers. Many go to law school or schools of management, or do graduate work in communication, history, journalism, or political science. Careers of past graduates include finance, consulting in human resources, admissions officers, development officers, banking, policy analysis, teaching, media directors, systems design and software consulting, public relations, marketing, account managing, video journalism, law, political lobbying, copywriting and free lance writing, news production, brokerage, and real estate development.
History of the Department
At night the University building was brilliantly illuminated, lights shining from every window. The houses of the Professors were also illuminated. A very large audience was present to witness the contest for the University Medal. The Band played several airs in front of the main entrance, while numerous companies promenaded the grounds.
The exercises in the Chapel were opened by music from the Band, followed by an oration by R. F. Chew, of the Philosophical Society, on “Ideals.” After another air by the Band, came an oration by R.J Craig of the Dialectic Society, on “Centennial Thoughts.” The Band played another piece, and C.A. Richardson, of the Dialectic Society, delivered an oration, the subject of which was “Palma non sine pulvere.” The judges, consisting of Judge Baxter, the Rev. Dr. Cunnyngham, and the Rev. Dr. Kelley, then retired to make their decision. Dr. Lipscomb was selected to make known their award, and to present the medal. He congratulated the contestants for the medal on the creditable manner in which they had acquitted themselves, and awarded the medal to R.J. Craig. The doxology was then sung by the large assembly, led by Mrs. Blander, on the piano, and the benediction was pronounced by Bishop McTyeire.
— “The Oratorical Contest” (1876)
From the opening of the university, courses in speech were included in the curriculum. In 1875, Professor Joynes taught “Exercises in Writing and Diction.” In the following year Professor Thomas J. Dodd offered a course in Rhetoric described in the 1876–77 Course Catalogue thus, “Rhetoric will be taught, so far as practiced, both as a science and an art. Lectures upon speaking with frequent practical exercise on the same, including both the preparation and delivery of orations.” Changes in the curriculum in the 1881–82 academic year expanded the topic as:
“Oratory: Lectures (1) The true Idea of Eloquence; Eloquence of the Bar, of the Legislative Hall, of the Popular Assembly. (2) Study of the great Masters in Oratory; the cautions and limitation to be observed in such study; the best means of making it available in the training of the mind to shill in thought and expression. (3) Special Helps in the Composition of a Discourse; the choice of a subject; analysis of the same, or how to think about when to make a correction. (4) Delivery-the natural manner, as distinguished from the artificial; Delivery viewed as dependent upon the relations of thought and feeling to voice and action. Occasional exercise both in the Composition and Delivery of Orations. We recommend to the student Blair’s Lectures, Whately’s Rhetoric, Campbell’s Philosophy of Rhetoric, Bautian’s The Art of Public Speaking.”
From 1895, sections of Elocution were taught at the elementary and advanced levels by Mr. Austin H. Merrill in both the Academic and Biblical Departments. The elocution course was changed to Elocution and Oratory in the 1899–1900 catalog and taught by Professor Hamberlin, who replaced Mr. Merrill. Public Speaking and Debate was added in 1902–03 in the Academic Department by Professor Albert Mason Harris.
1904–05 brought an expanded curriculum to the Biblical Department, including Public Speaking, Argumentation, and Literary Interpretation, also taught by Professor Harris. Professor Harris began the academic year 1918 as the first Associate Professor of Public Speaking and Debate in the College of Arts and Science. Mrs. Hart joined Professor Harris in 1928, followed by Assistant Professor Miller in 1934. Mrs. Hart held budgetary and policy responsibility for programs grouped as “humanities,” which included forensics, theatre, art, music, band and chorus, and drama.
Courses in Public Speaking, Argumentation, Debate, and the History of Oratory continued to be taught supplemented in some years by courses in Parliamentary Law and Speaking, Persuasion, Analysis and Speaking. In the 1940s, courses in Discussion Methods and Radio and Contemporaneous Speaking were taught. Jonathan W. Curvin, (Ph.D., Cornell) joined the faculty in 1941, as Assistant Professor of Public Speaking and Drama, but took leave of absence for war service in 1946. He was replaced by Joseph Wright (Northwestern), who joined Professor Hart in 1947. Mr. Robert Jones (M.A., Northwestern) came as an instructor of Public Speaking in 1948. In 1951, Public Speaking was changed to Speech and Mr. Tillman and Professor McConnell joined the faculty.
Chancellor Branscomb approved a proposal in 1952 to establish the Department of Speech and Drama on January 12, 1954, with Professor Joseph Wright as chair. The new speech curriculum offered Fundamentals of Speech; Parliamentary Law; Oral interpretation of Literature; Argumentation and Debate; Forms of Speech Making; History of Oratory, the Classical Period; History of Oratory, European and British; and History of American Public Address. By 1956, a students could choose Speech and Drama as their major course of study.
In 1964, Randall M. Fisher (Ph.D. Missouri) and Cecil Jones (Ph.D. Illinois) joined the faculty, Fisher to teach Public Speaking and Jones for Drama. On Professor Wright’s retirement in 1977, Jones became chair. During his eleven years as chair of the department, students’ interest brought pressure for expansion of the curriculum. The faculty was allowed to grow slowly in response to this interest.
Through the next decade courses were added, Rhetorical Criticism, the Rhetoric of the American Experience, Mass Media, Communication Theory, Interpersonal Communication, Values in Modern Communication. Randall M. Fisher became chair on Professor Jones retirement in 1988, followed by Kassian Kovalcheck in 1992, John Sloop in 2005, Bonnie Dow in 2007, and Claire Sisco King in 2017.