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Ph.D guidelines in French

The information contained on this page includes the following:
I.         Financial Aid
II.        Courses offered in the French Department
III.       Master of Arts Degree in French
IV.      Doctor of Philosophy Degree in French
V.       Additional Policies and Standards
VI.      Teaching Requirements
VII.     Awards, Fellowships, and Grants

The French department has formal ties to the Aix-Marseille Université (AMU) through its Vanderbilt in France program, McGill University through its Vanderbilt-McGill Initiative, and the Sorbonne through MICEFA.


·         The Teaching Assistantship begins in the first year. T.A.s usually teach one section of a variety of 1000 level French courses each semester, for a maximum of five years if they already have an M.A. degree from a previous institution.  If they do not have an M.A. from a previous institution they start teaching in their second year. However, each of our graduate student has the opportunity of a year off teaching either to study abroad as an exchange student or to do research in France (Paris or Aix-en-Provence).

·         The Harold Sterling Vanderbilt Scholarship is a five year “topping up” award granted in addition to the Teaching Assistantship. This award is given to students entering the doctoral program; its continuance is contingent upon satisfactory progress toward the degree. Harold Sterling Vanderbilt Scholarship awards are competitive among applicants to all graduate programs at the university.

·         The University Graduate Fellowship is a five year “topping up” award granted in addition to one of the awards mentioned above. This award is given to students entering the doctoral program; its continuance is contingent upon satisfactory progress toward the degree. University Graduate Fellowship awards are competitive among applicants to all graduate programs at the university.

·         The Provost’s Graduate Fellowship is a five-year scholarship for students from traditionally underrepresented backgrounds. Provost’s Graduate Fellowship awards are competitive among applicants to all graduate programs at the university.


Students are required to take all the courses offered in the French department. Students have to register for four courses per semester if they do not teach. Otherwise they are required to register for a maximum of three courses per semester.

There are four types of courses offered at the graduate level in French:

Foundation Courses are intended as graduate-level survey courses. These courses ensure that students have been exposed to a selection of major texts in each of the four categories below. Texts for these courses will be drawn primarily from the M.A. reading list.
•         Medieval and Early Modern (to 1800)
•         Post-Eighteenth Century
•         Theory, Methods and Applied Linguistics
•         Apprenticeship in Undergraduate Teaching (optional but recommended after the first year)

Foundation courses in Medieval/Early Modern and Post 18th-Century may be organized synchronically around a specific century or presented diachronically with a clear thematic focus within the larger time period covered in the broad category. Foundation courses may focus on hexagonal France, Francophone areas, or both.

Courses in Theory, Methods and Second Language Acquisition typically include: French 7060 (Literary Theory), French 7010 (Research Methods), French 7050 (Applied Linguistics), French 8000 (Apprenticeship/ optional but recommended after the first year).

Special Topics Courses are specialized research seminars.

Elective Courses are taken outside of the department. All elective courses must be approved by the Director of Graduate Studies. For students who have completed the M.A., electives must be approved by the Director of Graduate Studies and the dissertation director.


The Department of French & Italian does not offer a terminal M.A. degree and does not admit students wishing only to complete a terminal M.A. degree. Students typically earn an M.A. en route to the Ph.D.

All students entering the program take the M.A exam. A comprehensive examination, based on a departmental MA reading list, must be taken no later than before the beginning of classes in student’s fourth semester of study, and students who successfully pass the exam enter the Ph.D. stage.  Students entering the program with an M.A. in French from another institution are also required to pass the M.A. exam before the beginning of their third semester of study in order to continue to the Ph.D. qualifying exams.

Per Graduate School regulations, 8 credit hours of previous graduate work is transferable toward required graduate credit hours at Vanderbilt. Students wishing to transfer credit hours should provide the Director of Graduate Studies copies of the syllabus and all work completed in the course(s) for which they are requesting transfer credit. The DGS will review the materials and approve or deny the credit request.

Degree Requirements

•         36 credit hours of course work (9 courses). With the permission of the Director of Graduate Studies, students may take up to two courses in departments other than French & Italian. In the student’s first year, a minimum of three courses each semester must be taken in the department and four courses if the student does not teach.

•         Required Course Distribution for the M.A.

French 6030 (4 credit hours)
French 7060 (4 credit hours)
2 Foundations: Medieval/Early Modern (8 credit hours)
2 Foundations: Post 18th Century(8 credit hours)
2 Special Topics or Interdisciplinary Course (8 credit hours)
1  Additional course (Foundations, TMS, Special Topics, or Elective) M.A. Milestones (Summary)

M.A. Milestones (Summary)

Year One, first semester: Diagnostic Language Exam
Year Two, second semester:M.A. exam (no later than one week before classes begin)
Year Two, second semester:  M.A. awarded, graduate faculty review (if necessary), admission to Ph.D. program (if appropriate)

•         Diagnostic Language Examination A diagnostic language examination will be given to all incoming graduate students. This exam, coordinated by the language program director and the Director of Graduate Studies, includes a 30-minute “free-write” and a 15-minute oral interview. The results of this test will serve to plan the student’s program of study, which may include 200-level advanced language courses. These courses will be taken in addition to the regular graduate course load and, per graduate school rules, will be non- credit bearing.

•         Comprehensive Examination
The M.A. examination is based on an approved reading list. It must be taken in no later than one week before classes start in the student’s fourth semester of study. The format will be an overnight, take-home, open-book examination to test the student’s ability to read and interpret specific textual passages and to teach literature through thinking about works in a global fashion. The exam will be written and administered by the Director of Graduate Studies. The Director of Graduate Studies will constitute the MA committee from among the members of the Graduate Faculty.

The examination will be evaluated by the MA committee according to two separate criteria: (1) quality of argument, depth and appropriate use of background knowledge, and analytic skills; and (2) linguistic competence and eloquence.

The MA committee can recommend one of the following three outcomes: High Pass, Pass, Low Pass, or Fail. In the event of a failing, the graduate faculty of the Department must review and approve the evaluation by the MA committee before notifying the student of the outcome of the examination. The student will be given the option to retake the failed exam.

Graduate Faculty Review
In the event of a Low Pass, by February 1 of the student’s fourth semester in the program, graduate faculty will make a comprehensive review of the individual’s academic work, based on the following evidence: course work, examination results, as well as an evaluation from the language program director in regard to teaching performance (where applicable). Students who show clear evidence of progress will receive the M.A. and be invited to continue toward the Ph.D.
If the student completes the M.A. requirements and passes the M.A. exam but is not admitted to the Ph.D. program, they will earn a terminal M.A. degree at the end of their fourth semester.

M.A. Reading List


Requirements for the Ph.D. degree include a total of 52 credit hours of course work, taken in the Department of French and Italian and in other departments with the approval of the Director of Graduate Studies. 

In addition to French and English, doctoral candidates must demonstrate a reading knowledge of an additional language to be determined in consultation with the student’s dissertation adviser. Other regulations governing graduate work are available from the director of graduate studies.

Students are expected to begin to register for research credit no later than their fifth semester of study. Up to 20 credit hours may be taken as research credit. The Jean and Alexander Heard Library’s rich collection of French materials makes research possible in all periods of French literature. The library’s special collections department also houses the W.T. Bandy Center for Baudelaire and Modern French Studies, the Pascal Pia collection (nineteenth and twentieth-century literary criticism), the Gilbert Sigaux collection (twentieth-century French literature), and the Wachs collection (eighteenth-century fiction and almanachs).

Degree Requirements

•         36 credit hours of course work as required for the M.A.

•         16 additional credit hours (4 courses), for a total of 52 credit hours (13 courses)

•         Required course distribution for Ph.D. (includes courses taken for M.A.)

French 7010 (4 credit hours)
French 7060 (4 credit hours)
2  Foundations: Medieval/Early Modern (8 credit hours)
2 Foundations: Post 18th Century (8 credit hours)
2 Special Topics or Interdisciplinary Course (8 credit hours)
5 Additional courses (Foundations, TMS, Special Topics, or Elective)

•         Total of 72 credit hours, of which at least 52 must be from formal coursework

Ph.D. Milestones (Summary)

Year Two, semester two: Student admitted to Ph.D. program. Selection of the dissertation director.  In consultation with the dissertation director, qualifying exam committee established. Areas of specialization and reading list approved by dissertation director and submitted to the qualifying exam committee (no later than finals week).

Year Three, preceding summer: Qualifying Exam preparation

Year Three, semester one: Qualifying Exams, language reading exam or coursework completed. At her/his discretion, the dissertation director may alter the exam schedule. However, all exams and proposals must be completed no later than the end of the third year.

Year Three, semester two: Presentation of dissertation proposal eight weeks after passing the qualifying exams. Exams and proposal must all be completed no later than the end of the third academic year. ABD status

Year Four: Dissertation

Year Five: Dissertation and job search

Reading Knowledge of an Additional Language

In addition to French and English, candidates must demonstrate a reading knowledge of an additional language, to be determined in consultation with the student’s dissertation advisor. Students may demonstrate this knowledge either by receiving a B+ or higher in a 200-level literature course in the language or by a test to show ability to do research in the foreign language.

The language test will consist of a passage in the target language consisting of two or three paragraphs taken from an academic article, which may or may not be directly related to the student’s area of specialization. The student will translate the passage into English, writing by hand with the use of a bilingual dictionary. The exam will take place in the department, with no computer, and last two hours.

The translation should demonstrate that the student has sufficient understanding of the target language for research purposes. This means that the translation should represent both the content and, to a certain degree, the style of the passage that is being translated.

Students must complete the language requirement by the fifth semester of study.

Choice of Specialization, Qualifying Exam Committee and Reading List

After completing the M.A. exam in the fourth semester of study, the student is expected to identify an area of specialization (including, but not limited to, the subject of the dissertation) and in consultation with the dissertation director an appropriate exam committee is chosen. This committee should consist of four faculty members of which three must be from the department.

During the fourth semester, the student prepares an extensive reading list on this area of specialization, in consultation with the dissertation director and the qualifying exam committee. The list must be sufficient to cover a major time period and must emphasize two components:

•       Historical, cultural, and theoretical backgrounds pertinent to the student’s projected dissertation.

•       Primary and secondary texts pertinent to the individual’s area of specialization.

The department does not impose numerical requirements on reading lists; the length of each list will be determined through consultation between the student and her or his dissertation director and exam committee members. These lists tend to fall between 50 and 75 texts. However, there has always been considerable variation, depending on the field and the student.  Each student should have an early discussion with her or his dissertation director and exam committee members—in the fourth semester before submission of preliminary lists—that sets target numbers.

Ph.D. Qualifying Examinations

The Ph.D. qualifying examination consists of two parts: a series of written exam questions and an oral exam centered around the student’s dissertation proposal. The written exams must be completed in the first semester of the student’s third year. The thesis proposal oral exam must be completed at the beginning of the second semester of the student’s third year.

•         Written Examination
By the beginning of the student’s third year, the student submits the completed reading list and six proposed examination topics/questions to the dissertation director and then to the qualifying exam committee. The dissertation director uses these questions as a basis for preparing the examination questions, but has the right to modify them, add to them, or discard them. The written examination takes place over two days (not necessarily consecutive) before TA orientation in the student’s first semester of the third year. On each day, the student will have six hours to answer two essay questions. The student may consult any sources s/he chooses. At least one exam must be written in French. These exams may be taken at home.

Exam day 1: This part of the exam should reflect a broad understanding of the area in which the student is specializing

Exam day 2: This part of the exam should reflect a more focused understanding of the student’s area of specialization

The exam is evaluated PASS or FAIL by the doctoral committee by the end of the fourth week of the semester. The dissertation director communicates the result of the exam to the student. If one (or more) of the exam areas is considered weak, the student may be asked to repeat it. The exam committee will decide whether the student will retake the failed portion of the exam or whether a new question will be given. The student must retake the exam within one month of the first try.
If the student does not pass again, he or she will be dismissed from the program. Once the student has successfully passed the written examination, the date of the thesis proposal oral exam will be set.

•         Dissertation Proposal
In the dissertation proposal, the candidate should clarify the nature of his/her dissertation, demonstrate its relevance, define its methodology, situate it in terms of existing scholarship, and include a tentative breakdown into chapters. The proposal should be 15- 20 pages in length, plus a preliminary bibliography, and should be written in the language of the proposed dissertation (English or French). After consulting with the dissertation director, the proposal is circulated to the members of the qualifying exam committee.

•         Presentation of the Dissertation Proposal
Eight weeks after passing the qualifying exam, a one-hour session is scheduled for the dissertation proposal. The qualifying exam committee, guided by the dissertation director, participates in a discussion with the student, asking clarifying questions and offering suggestions. At the end of the session, the exam committee deliberates and determines if the candidate’s proposal is acceptable. Then the dissertation director communicates the result of the discussion to the student.

Dissertation Committee and Defense

If the student passes the dissertation proposal, the official dissertation committee is appointed after consultation with the dissertation director. If the student does not pass the proposal, they will have up to two months to rework the proposal and to sit for a second oral exam. If the student does not pass the second exam, she or he may be dismissed from the program.

This official dissertation committee (which is not necessarily the same as the qualifying exam committee) will consist of four faculty members: the dissertation director from within the department, two other department graduate faculty, and an outside reader. While the director is responsible for guiding the student through the dissertation process, it is understood that all members of the committee will be consulted on a regular basis and will have an opportunity to provide substantive feedback on the student’s work.

Committee members must receive the final version of the thesis at least 6 weeks before the intended defense date. No official defense date will be set until all committee members have had at least 2 weeks to review the final version of thesis and concur that the student is ready to defend.

All degree requirements must have been met (credit hours, course distribution, language exam) before the Graduate School will allow a defense date to be scheduled.


1. All funding is contingent on the student’s timely progress toward the M.A. and the Ph.D. as well as effective teaching in the classroom (if applicable). Failure to do one or both may result in dismissal from the program.

2. Students are expected to complete the dissertation by the end of the tenth semester. If the dissertation is not completed within three years of taking the qualifying exams, students will be required to reapply to the program and retake the qualifying exams. In the event of difficulty or lack of progress towards the degree (behind schedule, for instance), graduate students will be formally reviewed once a year, by February 1, by the graduate faculty.

·         The Director of Graduate Studies will prepare a summary of the student’s progress, which will include: the student’s coursework, exams, teaching evaluations, progress to degree, and relevant discussions with the Director of Graduate Studies. Department graduate faculty will review these reports and offer substantive directions to the student, which will be communicated to the student by the Director of Graduate Studies.

·         If the graduate faculty has substantial concerns, the student will be placed on probation with written notification of their status sent to the Graduate School and the Associate Dean of Graduate Studies in the College of Arts & Sciences. If these concerns are not addressed to the satisfaction of the department by the next review period (or earlier as indicated), the student on probation may be removed from the program.

3. Continuation of funding is contingent first and foremost on performance in coursework, exams, and the student’s timely progress toward degree. Students are required to maintain a B average or better over the course of their studies. However, if a student receives two or more B- ‘s in any given semester, she or he will be placed on immediate probation. Failure to earn all B’s or better in the following semester will result in the student’s removal from the program.  Students enrolled in research credits (French 9999) who receive a grade of “unsatisfactory” will be placed on immediate probation. Any additional “unsatisfactory” will result in the student’s dismissal from the program.

4. By action of the graduate faculty, professors may give “incompletes” only in cases of illness or unusual personal circumstances, and only with the written approval of the DGS. Candidates who take “incompletes” in their first year of study must resolve those grades before they are eligible to teach in their second year. Failure to do so may result in revocation of teaching salary for the semesters the student remains ineligible.

5. We also expect satisfactory performance in all assigned teaching duties. Each student will be formally evaluated by the Teaching Supervisor or the French Language Program Director at least once a semester. In cases of teaching deficiencies, the student will work closely with the Teaching Supervisor to remedy any problems. A student may be placed on probation if the teaching deficiencies are considered substantial. The student will have one semester to remedy the problem(s). If the problems are not remedied after one semester, the student on probation will be dismissed from the program.


Standard teaching duties

·         Beginning in their second year, graduate students in French typically teach one course per semester of elementary or intermediate French language / culture for three of their five years of study. They are considered “instructors of record” with full classroom responsibility. One of their teaching years may be an exchange year teaching in Aix-en-Provence at AMU or in Paris through MICEFA.

Residence Requirement

·         All Graduate students are required to be in residence at Vanderbilt during their first service-free year of study.
·        Graduate students are required to be in residence for a minimum of 4 years, which may be inclusive of one exchange year teaching at AMU or MICEFA.

Oversight and mentoring of graduate teaching assistants

·         All graduate students in French participate in a departmental 3-day pre-teaching orientation workshop each fall; this orientation is closely coordinated with the TA orientation hosted by the Center for Teaching.
·         All graduate students in French are required to take Second Language Studies (SLS) 6030, Learning and Teaching Second/Foreign Languages. Offered every fall, this course is taught by a faculty member with expertise in second language acquisition and pedagogy. This course includes a theoretical overview of the field as well as an in-depth initiation into current teaching practice. Students typically take this course during the fall semester of their first year of study; students who have a service-free first year may opt to take it when they begin teaching in their second year of study.
·         Graduate teaching assistants work closely with the French Language Program Director (LPD).  The LPD prepares all course materials – syllabi, tests, assessment rubrics, etc. – and meets with the graduate teaching assistants weekly to discuss issues related to teaching approaches and classroom management.
·         The LPD observes the teaching assistants at least twice during each semester of their first year and offers detailed feedback. These observations are designed to mentor novice teachers and to ensure that the undergraduate students are getting the best possible learning experience.
·         Further observations are scheduled when a graduate teaching assistant needs additional mentoring. Once the graduate teaching assistants feel comfortable with their teaching performance, other faculty members in French are encouraged to observe them.
·         Each year, the LPD names an advanced PhD student with an excellent teaching record to serve as Assistant Course Coordinator. The ACC helps with the fall orientation, general oversight, and observations. The ACC typically works 2-3 hours per week and receives a modest stipend.
·         All graduate teaching assistants are strongly encouraged to observe each other regularly and share best practices.

Opportunities for additional teaching experience

·         Graduate students who are native speakers of English have the opportunity to spend a year teaching at the Sorbonne in Paris or at the University of Aix-Marseille. Their teaching duties typically include courses in English phonetics and conversation.
·         The graduate program in French includes an apprenticeship opportunity for students interested in teaching an upper-level literature / culture class. Students work closely with a faculty member and teach several units of the course. They receive graduate credit for this course.
·         All graduate students are encouraged to participate in the various professional development opportunities offered by the Center for Teaching.


·         Dissertation Enhancement Grants: Each Fall, the Graduate School offers Dissertation Enhancement Grants, which are special awards designed to assist dissertation research. These awards are used most often to meet travel expenses for research projects. Any student whose Dissertation Proposal has been accepted by their Ph.D. may compete for one of these awards. Further information may be obtained from the DGS or from the Graduate School.

·         Travel Grants: Students are encouraged to present their research at major regional, national, and international conferences. After completing at least one academic year at Vanderbilt, students may apply for a travel grant from the Graduate School for up to $500 per budget year (July 1-June 30) for domestic or international travel. Students are allowed a total of three travel grants during their entire tenure at Vanderbilt.

·         The Robert Penn Warren Center has a fellowship competition every early spring. Fourth year students on track to a fifth year spring defense are eligible to apply in January of the fourth year. These awards are designed to support innovation and excellence in graduate student research. These residential awards offer graduate students in the humanities and the social sciences and the College of Arts and Science at Vanderbilt University a service free year of support to enable fulltime work on the dissertation.

·         Summer Research Award: Early each spring semester doctoral students in good standing, making satisfactory progress toward the degree may apply for the College of Arts and Science Summer Research Award. The successful application will have spent no longer than four years in the degree program as of the spring semester preceding the award. Students apply through the Graduate School.


Sample StudentYear 1*Year 2: TAYear 3: TAYear 4: TA or FranceYear 5: TA
FallMed/Em Foundations
Post 18th
French 6030

Med/EM Foundations
Special Topics
Additional course
Elective Research Hours (8)

F9999 (0)F9999(0)
Diagnostic Language Exam
[1 week before semester start]
MA Courses completedLanguage Exam
[1 week before semester start]

Qualifying Exams
[No later than end of semester]
SpringPost-18th Foundations
French 7060
Special Topic

Research Hours (12)F9999(0)F9999(0)

MA Exam
[1 week before semester start]

Decision: continuation

Appoint committee

Reading List Approved
Thesis Proposal
[8 weeks after qualifying exams]

ABD Status
TOTAL HOURS2448727272
SummerPrepare M.A. examPrepare qualifying exams and language examsDissertationDissertation